“NOW” are facts unjudged
and to be seen by History
“THEN” are facts as seen 
and judged by History

Ads in the New York Times

(all PDF)

1993 -The US Has No Plans to Save the Muslims in Bosnia

1994 -"Ethnic Cleansing" President Clinton: "They're Going to Have to Make Up Their Own Minds to Quite Killing Each Other."

1994 - Who Will Stand Up for the Victims of Genocide?

Ads in The New Republic

(all PDF)

1994 - The Lessons of History

1999 - President Clinton States We Will Come to the Aid of Ethnic Albanians from Kosovo After We Win the Air War

2000 - What is Different about Rwanda?

2007 - Where Will the Suicide Bombers Go?

2007 - What Must We Do to Win in Iraq? Are You Qualified to Lead if You Will Not Ask This Question?

Ads from 2012

A new series of ads pertinent to the 2012 Election (all files PDF):

1. What Does President Obama Believe about “Race” in America?

2. Would Anyone Say Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.  Agreed with Margaret Sanger and  Planned Parenthood on Abortion and Infanticide?

3. Obamaesque Courage

4. Can the U. S. Govt. Kill its Citizens on U.S. Soil Without Due Process?

5. Obamaesque “Courage” and “Leadership”

6. “Racism” Was Created Because of Economics Not Racial Inferiority.

7. Can One Have “Equality” Without “Dignity”?

8. Religion of the First African Slaves

Shining City Upon a Hill” “Do It as Americans” paper lists some of the achievements of Americans of African Descent as co-founders of America. (110 page PDF)

Download the new eBook:
Do It As Americans

Then and Now: 2012 #8

Religion of the First African Slaves

Many Slaves came from The Kingdom of the Kongo in West Africa which had converted to Catholicism in 1491.   Examples of African Religions: 

1.“…virtually all Africans believed that the spirits in men and women lived on after death…Dying is “going home” 

2.“Africans widely believed that humans were originally immortal.” 

3.  “Many myths suggest that God sent two messages to earth: a fast animal carried the message of life and a slow one the message of death.  In all cases, a particular act on the part of the fast moving animal upset what seems to have been the apparent intention of God…  God … arranged the race, but the implication is that the animals had free will.”

4.  “There is a 2nd and very different African tradition, this one much like the Biblical one, in which it is told “that God forbade the first people to eat either a certain fruit, or eggs, or animals when they ate this forbidden food, death came to them.”

 5.  “African societies value the continuity of human life, from one generation to another and the social solidary created by marriage and the bonds of kinship.”

In many regions in the 17th Century the only area of social interaction with Whites that Slaves were allowed to pursue was religion.  One of the first institutions that began to blend the two cultures was the Church.  The Churches maintained and nurtured the religious teaching of Christianity that “all men are created equal.”                         

In some Churches, Africans not only were in the congregations but were active in the Church’s operation including Preaching to congregations made up of Blacks and Whites.
This assimilation of Religions came to an end in the late 17th Century because of the need for cheap slave labor to produce tobacco and cotton.

To justify what they were doing the White Slave Owners created and promoted the belief that African Slaves were genetically inferior and thus their religious beliefs could not be assimilated with Christianity.  To support this claim they relied on people like George Fitzhugh, an intellectual and lawyer who, in 1854, wrote that Slavery in the South was justified because it relieved the Africans from cruel Slavery in Africa. He wrote: “Slavery is a form, and the very best form of Socialism”

Is someone today saying that American Descendants of African Slaves need the Government and its Leaders to Protect, and Insure that They are Cared for?

If so,Who?

Download this ad as a pdf: Religion of the First African Slaves

These concepts are developed more fully in the Do It as Americans paper,
Do It As Americans” (110 page PDF).